ESL Study Guide

Monday, February 08, 2010

show up

show up
show up & shows up
showing up
showed up
shown up

1. show up p.v. When you appear somewhere, you show up. Turn up is similar to show up.
/ was supposed to meet my sister for lunch, but she hasn't shown up yet.
Over a hundred people showed up for the news conference.

2. show up p.v. When something appears or becomes visible, it shows up.
It's hard to photograph polar bears because they don't show up well against the snow. The spots won't show up until the last stages of the disease.

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run into

present tense
-ing form
past tense
past participle
run into
run into & runs into
running into
ran into
run into

1. run into p.v. When you are driving and hit another vehicle or something near the road, such as a tree or a telephone pole, you run into it.
Ali was driving too fast, and he ran into a telephone pole. I was run into by a drunk driver.

2. run into p.v. When you meet people unexpectedly or unintentionally, you run into them. Bump into is the same as run into.
We ran into Karen and her new boyfriend at the supermarket yesterday.
I owe Frank $300, so I hope I don't run into him.

3. run into p.v. When you unexpectedly encounter difficulties or problems, you run into them.
/ thought it would be easy to fix my car, but I've been running into problems.
Janice ran into one problem after another at work today.

4. run into p.v. When the total of something grows to a large amount or number, it runs into that amount or number.
If you fixed everything on that old car that needs fixing, it would run into thousands of dollars. The number of starving people in the country ran into millions.

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put on

put on
put on & puts on
putting on

put on

1. put... on p.v. When you place something on or apply something to your body, you put it on.
I put on my new dress before going to the party. Eric forgot to put suntan lotion on, and now he's as red as a lobster.

2. put... on p.v. When you place something on or apply something to another surface, you put it on.
I put the book on the table.
Jerry put too much fertilizer on his lawn, and now he has to cut it twice a week.

3. put... on p.v. When you attach or affix something to another thing, you put it on.
The Wilson’s put a new roof on their house last year.
I told the tailor to put red buttons on the dress he's making for me.

Did you see Mike? He's put on so much weight that I didn't recognize him. I need to go on a diet. I've been putting on a lot of weight lately.

4. put ...on p.v. When you organize or perform something for other people's entertainment, such as a play or a concert, you put it on.
The club put on a show to raise money for the party.
That opera hasn't been put on in more than 200 years.

5. put.. .on p.v. [informal] When you put people on, you kid or tease them.
You won the lottery? You're putting me on!
Don't put me on — tell me the truth.
put-on n. Something done with the intention of fooling or deceiving people is a put-on.
He didn't really win the lottery. It was all a big put-on to impress his girlfriend.
put... on p.v. When you put on weight, you gain weight.

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Thursday, February 04, 2010

common mistakes

Aim at, not on or against.
Don't say: She aimed on (or against) the target
Say: She aimed at the target.

Note Use the preposition at to denote direction: throw at, shout at, fire
at, shoot at. Shoot (without the at) means to kill: He shot a bird ( = he hit
and killed it).

Angry with, not against.
Don't say: The teacher was angry against him.
Say: The teacher was angry with him.

Note 1 We get angry with a person but at a thing. He was angry at the
weather (not: with the weather)

Note 2 Also annoyed with. vexed with. indignant with a person but at
a thing.
Anxious ( = troubled) about, not for.
Don't say.' They're anxious for his health.
Say: They're anxious about his health.

· Anxious meaning wishing very much takes for: Parents are anxious
for their children's success.

Arrive at, not to.
Don't say: We arrived to the village at night.
Say. We arrived at the village at night.

Note Use arrive in with countries and large cities: Mr Smith has arrived in
London (or New York. India, etc.)

9 Ashamed of, not from.
Don't say: He's now ashamed from his conduct.
Say: He's now ashamed of his conduct.

Note It isn't correct to use ashamed of meaning shy . Ashamed means
feeling shame or guilt about something. Shy means feeling nervous with
someone, Instead of saying: I'm ashamed (or shamed) of my teacher, say:
I'am shy of my teacher.

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common mistakes

Absorbed (~ very much interested) in, not at.
Don't say: The man was absorbed at his work.
Say: The man was absorbed in his work.

Accuse of, not for .
Don't say: She accused the man for stealing.
Say: She accused the man of stealing.

Note: Charge takes with: The man was charged with murder.

3 Accustomed to, not with.
Don't say: I'm accustomed with hot weather.

Say: I'm accustomed to hot weather.
Note: Also used to: He is used to the heat

4 Afraid of, not from.
Don't say: Laura is afraid from the dog.
Say: Latira is afraid of the dog.

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