ESL Study Guide

Friday, September 12, 2008

Using Pronouns Correctly

Only two parts of speech, nouns and pronouns, have case. This means that they change form depending on how they are used in a sentence. English has three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive.

Nominative case
- the pronoun is used as a subject.

I threw the ball.

Objective case
- the pronoun is used as an object.

Give the ball to me.

Possessive case
- the pronoun is used to show ownership.

The ball is mine.

Nominative Objective Possessive
(Pronoun as subject) (Pronoun as object) (Ownership)
I me my, mine
you you your, yours
he him his
she her her, hers
it it its
we us our, ours
they them their, theirs
who whom whose
whoever whomever whoever

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